Many scholars’ opinions differ about Alba origin, if it’s marsa or aequa, but Livio put it into the Aequis’ territory. This proud and military strong people built on the hill an “oppidum”, dominating all the surrounding valleys. Because of its location romans tried to conquer it for their expansion in the central Italy. After many battles the Aequi were defeated and massacred. so, around 303 b.C. Alba Fucens, under the Lucio Genucio and Servio Cornelio’s consulate , became one of the most important latin colonies. The primary importance role of Alba in militari strategies in central Italy is given by the presence of 6000 settlers sent by Rome, as Tito Livio (IX, 43,25) says: “Soram atque Albam coloniae deductae. Albam in equos sex milia colonorum scripta”. The settlers presence and the Rome esteem towards this imposing city will make, between them, a very strong bond, that will lead alba to demonstrate an absolute loyalty to Rome. during the first years of the IIIrd century b.C. a dreadful coalition (Etruscans, Umbrians, Samnites and Gallics) aimed at Rome. The inhabitants of Alba and the neighbouring populations joined forces with Rome, so there was the victory of Sentium (295 b.c.). during the Punic Wars, Hannibal, with his armies, penetrated into the heart of central Italy and led a march towards Rome, being far all consular armies. So Rome asked for help to the near colonies and Alba, giving signs of its loyalty, sent 2000 men to contrast the Hannibal’s advance, marking his withdrawal towards south (211 b.c.).
At the end of the second Punic War, Siface, Numidians’ king, was taken and carried to the prison of Alba (203 b.c.). Same destiny was to Perseus of Macedony (168 b.c.) and to Bituito, king of Avernus (168 b.c.). History tells as Alba was used like a place of the dethroned kings’ detention. During the Social Wars Alba is always loyal to Rome, holding out against the rebellious members assaults. at the end of the war, with the application of the Lex Iulia Municipalis de Civitate danda, the city, as all Italy, obtained the municipal regulations and the roman citizenship. In the battles between Marius and Silla (88 – 82 b.c.) Alba took sides with Marius, while in the civil war between Pompeus and Caesar (49 – 45 b.c.) the Pompeus’ armies, staying at alba, deliberately passed to Caesar‘s side. During the imperial time alba lives a great economical prosperity period. In these years public and private monuments are embellished and modernized, while new buildings are built. All this welfare was due to the economic growing that led to the lake Fucino draining. The colony crisis and decline start in the IIIrd century A.D. and get worse in the IVth century owing to some seismical events and to frequent barbarian invasions, causing the progressive desertion of the city. In the IXth cen., because of the feudal battlements case, the built-up area is on the acropolis where a medieval village is setting up round the castle.
How to get:
You can reach Alba Fucens along the motorway A24-A25 towards Pescara, if you switch from Rome or L’Aquila, if you come from Pescara instead just take the A25 towards Rome. The outputs at the toll of both routes will take place at Avezzano or Magliano dei Marsi. After exiting, it will be easy to frame the hill of Alba isolated in the North-West of the plain of Fucino. To access the country contrary to what happened in the past, where the Tiburtina Valeria that joined Alba Fucens in Rome directly up the hill from the West, today you have to move to the North-Eastern side of the hill, along the “Route Overview” to the intersection <Massa d’Albe-Forms-Avezzano-Alba Fucens> near the resort Arci, identifiable by the presence of the remains of the Roman aqueduct. At this point take the road up the hill, on the left if coming from Avezzano to the right when coming from Magliano dei Marsi, you will enter the country through the ancient port of Massa.
All the year
Days and opening hours:
10,00-13,00 with exclusion of the days of the month 19,23
IAT Alba Fucens
Piazza della Scuola Alba Fucens (AQ)