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MEMORABLE MONTHS/JULY

MEMORABLE MONTHS/JULY

Unlike the month June which is named after a deity (Juno), July is named after Julius Caesar, most famous of all Romans, whose birthday falls on July 12 or 13 (ancient sources differ). A Roman general, statesman, and citizen who conquered Gaul, Caesar was as astute a politician as brilliant he was a soldier.
Quintilis, which means “fifth” in Latin, was his birth month and corresponded to its position on the original Roman calendar
It was after Caesar’s murder and deification that his great nephew and heir Octavian “suggested” to the Senate that the month be renamed in honor of the Divine Julius, and so it was done. The next month, Sextilis, was likewise named after the deified Augustus.
Caesar reformed the calendar and the result was what we recognize today as the Julian Calendar. Having 365 days, the calendar added one day every fours for a year we know as a leap year. The early Roman calendar had an intercalary month called “Intercalans” that was 27 or 28 days long and added once every two years after February 23rd. For years including Intercalans, the remaining five days of February were omitted.
When the obsequious Senate sought to rename September after Tiberius during his reign, he nipped the practice in the bud by famously asking “what if there be 13 Caesars?”